Permanent makeup/PM/tattooing, as you know, appeared in the late 1980s almost simultaneously in the United States and Taiwan.
Over its nearly 30-year history, it has undergone a lot of significant changes: in shapes, color solutions, application technologies; the only principle which remained unchangeable is the injecting of dye into the skin with the tip of the needle!
Let's omit unsuccessful examples from the history of tattooing, you probably met them in abundance among passers-by, colleagues, acquaintances, and even your relatives!
We'd better concentrate on examples of successful (for its time) work in order to trace the trend of permanent makeup from aesthetic and technical sides.
There is no doubt that the most popular and necessary procedure is and will be Permanent Eyebrow Makeup - let's start with it!
It all started with Chinese pens and a meager amount of pigment colors of doubtful quality. At that time, the most creative minds only dreamed about hair strokes technique on eyebrows as it was impossible to do because of the lack of high-precision equipment and practical experience in the recently born direction.
Permanent eyebrow makeup was performed by solid color.
If the “loud” decorative makeup reigning in the fashion of the 90s compensated and diverted attention from "solid", as if glued, eyebrows and this was quite acceptable, today, when naturalness is especially valuable, such eyebrows look alien and immediately give out the low qualification of the master.
Nowadays this technique is called - shading, tintage or eyebrow shaping. This is a classic eyebrow tattoo still widely used around the world but in a softer interpretation with a smooth transition from light to dark areas of the eyebrow, using several natural shades which allow you to achieve the effect of light eyeliner with pencil or eye shadow. The more your own eyebrow hair you have, the more natural such a tattoo will look!
To this day, there are masters who only use this technique and actively promote it, rejecting the applicability of the technique of applying hair strokes.
Hair stroke technique appeared in the mid-90s when European technologies and equipment entered the arena. It was an outstanding breakthrough and an increase in the quality of tattooing. A little later helped to elevate permanent makeup (tattooing) to the rank of art.
Of course, masters could not immediately boast of their worthy work such as now is in adundance! It all started with the classic "fences" when the hair was parallel to each other. Some managed better, some worse but all the masters practicing at that time went through this!
Gradually, the masters improved and customer demands for the quality and naturalness of permanent makeup increased! This led to the emergence of various techniques:
European, Eastern, interwoven hair, shaded hair, mixed techniques, 3D volumetric techniques using several colors.
But even this ceased to satisfy demanding clients and masters. In pursuit of the fineness of hair drawing, the masters, even with good modern equipment, began to return to the “Stone Age” tools with manual methods of permanent makeup - the microblading technique, which marketers called 6D, 12D, etc.
Indeed, the masters who use this method can achieve stunningly naturalistic results because with the manual technique using the so-called "pen", there is no vibration and beating of the needle of the device, which allows you to apply the finest hair that are difficult to distinguish from the real one.
But this doesn't mean that with permanent eyebrow makeup masters completely refuse to use the device as the manual method isn't always suitable and doesn't suit everyone!!!
And new unlimited possibilities of combining equipment and the manual method into a single gave rise to a hybrid method!
It's important to understand that manual/non-hardware permanent makeup techniques are only suitable for permanent eyebrows makeup and some types of eye tattoo, but in no case for permanent lip tattoos. The lip tattoo performed by the manual method looks very unaesthetically and stained because it's almost impossible to achieve uniformity of occurrence of pigment in large areas of the skin manually.
The evolution of permanent lip makeup is also quite impressive. From just the contour, which always treacherously glowed, betraying the presence of tattooing, the masters began to move to lip shading, first partial, and then full volume. Now high-end masters use 3D permanent lip makeup techniques which are performed in several contrasting colors and are complemented by bright highlights on the lips themselves and light skin bleaching beyond the lip contour - Lip Light.
An unconditional favorite among girls is a non-contoured permanent makeup that gives the maximum effect of natural lips, while elder ladies prefer the “lipstick effect” of beautifully painted lips.
But perhaps the most stunning outbreak has happened in the field of permanent eye makeup. From the banal, but classic so-called “inter-eyelash” and arrows, to complex multi-color decorative/creative techniques with smooth transitions and leveling of borders - “Shadow Effect”, “Pencil Effect”, Eyes Light glitter technique.
We shouldn't forget about the relatively young branch of permanent makeup - aesthetic dermopigmentation/dermocorrection or micropigmentation designed to camouflage skin imperfections (scars, dark under-eye circles, areola of the breasts, pigmentation disorder). This is a very important and difficult area, helping people to hide defects and get rid of complexes.
Another rapidly growing area of permanent tattooing which has already become independent and has gained male attention, is called trichopigmentation - tattooing of the scalp to create the illusion of one’s own hair in case of complete or partial baldness.
There are masters who experiment with applying blush, eyelashes, and even sculpting the nose and oval of the face.
It’s hard to imagine what other possibilities the future of permanent makeup holds!